Food Stamps Minnesota: A Comprehensive Guide to Eligibility, Applications, and EBT Benefits

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), commonly known as food stamps, provides nutritional assistance to millions of eligible, low-income individuals and families across the United States. In Minnesota, this program is referred to as the Minnesota Food Assistance Program (MFAP) and is available to those who meet certain income and asset requirements. Understanding the eligibility criteria is the first step for Minnesota residents looking to apply for food assistance.

The application process for food stamps in Minnesota is designed to be accessible and user-friendly. Applicants must complete a series of steps including submitting a detailed application, providing necessary documentation, and in some cases, participating in an interview to determine their household’s needs. Once approved, beneficiaries receive an Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) card, which can be used to purchase eligible food items at participating stores.

Aside from the ability to purchase food, Minnesota’s EBT cardholders are also entitled to various discounts. These EBT discounts can include reduced admission prices to cultural institutions, discounts on certain services, and even access to community support programs. These additional benefits provide further support to individuals and families, helping to improve their quality of life while ensuring their basic nutritional needs are met.

Understanding Food Stamps in Minnesota

In Minnesota, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), commonly referred to as food stamps, aids eligible individuals and families in purchasing the food they need for good health. Minnesota’s SNAP is administered by the Department of Human Services but is a federal aid program.

Eligibility for food stamps in this state depends on several factors:

  • Household size: More members typically increase the income threshold for eligibility.
  • Income: Both earned (from employment) and unearned (like Social Security) are evaluated.
  • Assets: Some resources may affect eligibility, though specifics can vary.

Participants receive an Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) card resembling a debit card. This EBT card can be used to buy eligible food items at participating stores.

Here’s a quick glance at the application process:

  1. Application Submission: Applications can be submitted online, or via mail or in person.
  2. Interview: An interview, typically by phone, confirms the information provided.
  3. Approval and Benefits: If eligible, benefits are issued on an EBT card.

Discounts and perks may also be part of the SNAP benefits in Minnesota. For instance, the EBT card might offer discounted admission to educational and cultural activities, contributing to a better quality of life beyond nutritional needs.

Determining Eligibility

Eligibility for food stamps in Minnesota, known as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), is based on several factors. The primary considerations include household size, income, and certain expenses.

Household Size and Income Limits:
Households must meet specific income limits which vary by household size. For example:

  • A household of one should have a gross monthly income below $1,354.
  • A household of four must not exceed a gross monthly income of $2,790.

Expenses Consideration:
Certain expenses are subtracted from the household’s gross income:

  • Housing Costs: Monthly rent or mortgage payments and utilities.
  • Child Care Expenses: Payments for the care of a child or disabled family member which allow a household member to work or attend school.
  • Medical Costs: For households with elderly or disabled members, out-of-pocket medical expenses exceeding $35 per month may be deducted.

Resource Limits:
Assets also play a role in determining eligibility. For most households:

  • The resource limit, including bank accounts, cash, stocks, and bonds, should not exceed $2,500.
  • Households with at least one person who is age 60 or older, or disabled, may have resources up to $3,750.

Immigration Status:
Applicants must be U.S. citizens or have satisfactory immigration status.

Work Requirements:
Able-bodied adults without dependents aged 18 to 49 are required to work, participate in employment and training programs, or fulfill community service.

It is important to note that some exceptions and additional conditions apply. Applicants can determine specific eligibility by consulting with the Minnesota Department of Human Services or using online eligibility tools.

The Application Process

Individuals in Minnesota can apply for food stamps, known as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), through a straightforward process. Applicants must ensure they meet the eligibility criteria, which includes income limits, residency, and work requirements, before proceeding.

Step 1: Obtain an Application

  • Applications are available online at the Minnesota Department of Human Services website.
  • They can also be picked up in person at local county human services offices.

Step 2: Complete the Application

  • Provide accurate and complete information about household income, expenses, and the number of people living in the household.
  • Sign the form to confirm that the information is truthful.

Step 3: Submit the Application

  • Applications can be submitted online, by mail, fax, or in person at county human services offices.
  • Immediate application is advised to start the benefit process quickly.

Step 4: Attend the Interview

  • After submission, an interview will be scheduled with a county worker.
  • The interview can be conducted over the phone or in person.
  • Prepare to discuss the information provided in the application.

Step 5: Provide Verification Documents

  • Documents may be required to verify income, expenses, and other information.
  • Examples include pay stubs, rent receipts, and utility bills.

Step 6: Receive an EBT Card

  • Upon approval, an Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) card is issued.
  • The card is used to access benefits at authorized retail locations.

Using EBT Cards

Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) cards in Minnesota operate similarly to debit cards. Beneficiaries receive monthly food assistance benefits on their EBT card, which can be used at authorized retail food stores.

Where to Use

  • Authorized Retailers: These include supermarkets, grocery stores, and some farmers’ markets.
  • Online Purchasing: Certain retailers like Amazon and Walmart allow EBT for online grocery orders.

Purchasable Items

  • Food: Eligible items include fruits, vegetables, meat, dairy products, bread, cereals, and non-alcoholic beverages.
  • Seeds and Plants: Those that produce food for household consumption.

Prohibited Items

  • Non-food items (cleaning supplies, pet foods)
  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Tobacco products
  • Vitamins, medicines
  • Hot, prepared meals

Transaction Process

When checking out at a retail store:

  1. Swipe the EBT card through the Point of Sale (POS) terminal.
  2. Enter the Personal Identification Number (PIN) to authorize the transaction.
  3. The purchase amount is deducted from the card’s balance.

Balance Inquiries

Cardholders can check their EBT balance:

  • By accessing the Minnesota EBT Cardholder Portal.
  • Through the customer service number indicated on the card.

Discounts and Perks
Certain programs offer discounted admission to museums or other cultural institutions for EBT cardholders, under the Museums for All initiative. Always confirm participation with the institution before visiting.

EBT Discounts and Perks

In Minnesota, EBT (Electronic Benefits Transfer) cardholders have access to several discounts and perks that can stretch their benefits further and provide more value.

Discounted Admissions:

  • Museums: Many offer reduced entry fees for EBT cardholders.
  • Zoos: Some zoos provide discounts on admission.

Educational Programs:

  • Certain programs and classes may be available at lower costs for EBT recipients.


  • Public transportation options might have fare reductions for individuals with an EBT card.

Usage at Farmers’ Markets:

  • EBT cards are often accepted at farmers’ markets, which may also offer matching dollar programs.

Other Benefits:

  • Some utility companies provide discounts on services.
  • Internet service providers may offer affordable plans for low-income households.

To utilize these benefits, EBT cardholders should inquire with the service provider about available offers for those with EBT cards, as they may vary by location and are subject to change. It’s always recommended to check for the most up-to-date information on discounts and perks.

Find more information on Minnesota EBT discounts.

Renewal and Reporting Changes

In Minnesota, individuals receiving food stamps must renew their benefits periodically to continue receiving assistance. The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), commonly referred to as food stamps, mandates beneficiaries to submit a renewal application to verify ongoing eligibility.

Renewal Process:

  • Recipients typically need to renew benefits every 12 months.
  • About 45 days before expiration, they will receive a renewal notice.
  • The renewal can be completed online through the Minnesota Department of Human Services portal or by submitting a paper form.

Reporting Changes:

It is vital for SNAP recipients to report changes in their circumstances, as this can affect eligibility and benefit amounts.

  • Changes must be reported within 10 days of occurrence.
  • Major changes include income alterations, change in household size, or residency.

A table outlining what changes to report and how to report them:

Change to Report How to Report
Increase in Income Online or via paper form
Decrease in Income Online, paper form, phone
Household Size Change Online or by phone
Residency Change Contact local county office

EBT Discounts:

Recipients using the Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) card may have access to various discounts and perks, including reduced or free admission to museums and educational centers. It is recommended to check with individual venues for specific discounts available to EBT cardholders.

Appeals and Disputes

When a participant in the Minnesota Food Stamp program disagrees with a decision made regarding their case, they have the right to appeal. The appeal process is systematic and ensures that each case receives a fair reevaluation.

Step 1:
Filing the Appeal – An individual must request an appeal within 90 days of receiving the notice of the decision. The request can be made in writing or orally to the county agency.

Step 2:
Pre-hearing Process – Upon an appeal request, the county agency will schedule a pre-hearing conference. This enables both parties to review and exchange information relating to the appeal.

Step 3:
The Hearing – If the issue is not resolved during the pre-hearing, a formal hearing is scheduled where an impartial referee hears the case. Participants may represent themselves, or have a lawyer or authorized representative. Evidence and arguments from both sides are presented at the hearing.

Step 4:
Decision – After the hearing, the referee issues a written decision based on the evidence and the applicable laws. If the participant is not satisfied with the outcome, they may appeal to the Minnesota Department of Human Services for a further review.

Disputes: When discrepancies occur, such as incorrect benefit allotments, participants should first contact their county office for clarification. If the issue is not resolved, it may become part of the appeal process as a dispute to be formally reviewed.

In all disputes and appeals, it’s vital for participants to retain copies of all communication and documentation related to their case.

EBT Discounts: Individuals using Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) cards may encounter discrepancies with purchases or discounts. They must review their receipts and report any issues to the store or the EBT customer service line promptly.

Assistance Programs Beyond Food Stamps

In Minnesota, individuals seeking financial support can access various assistance programs besides the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), commonly known as food stamps. These programs offer crucial aid to eligible residents, encompassing areas like healthcare, childcare, and housing.

Healthcare Programs

  • MinnesotaCare: For residents with higher incomes than the Medicaid threshold, this program provides health insurance at a reduced cost.
  • Medical Assistance (MA): Minnesota’s Medicaid program for those meeting specific income and eligibility criteria.

Child and Family Support

  • Child Care Assistance Program (CCAP): Helps families pay for child care, enabling parents to work or attend school.
  • Free or Reduced-Price School Meals: Provides nutritious meals to children from low-income families during the school day.

Housing and Energy Assistance

  • Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP): Assists in managing costs for heating and utilities during winter months.
  • Section 8 Housing: Offers rental help in the form of vouchers for low-income families, the elderly, and the disabled.

Employment and Training Programs

  • Minnesota Family Investment Program (MFIP): A work-focused financial aid program that includes both cash and food assistance for low-income families.
  • Diversionary Work Program (DWP): A short-term program designed to help low-income families find employment.

Eligibility for these programs varies, as do the benefits they offer. Residents can apply through the Minnesota Department of Human Services or local county offices, many of which provide online application options.

Contact Information and Resources

To inquire about Food Stamps in Minnesota or to start the application process, individuals can utilize the following contact methods:

Department of Human Services – Minnesota:

  • Phone:
    • For general information: 651-431-2000
    • SNAP hotline: 800-657-3698
  • Online:
  • Mail:
    • Minnesota Department of Human Services
      P.O. Box 64238
      St. Paul, MN 55164-0238

County Offices:
Local county offices also provide assistance. Find the nearest office using the County Office Locator.

EBT Discounts and Offers:

  • EBT cardholders can access:
    • Discounts at participating museums
    • Reduced price on Amazon Prime
    • Potential discounts on internet services
Resource Contact
SNAP Hotline 800-657-3698
County Office Finder Office Locator

For further resources, consult the Minnesota Department of Human Services or reach out to local non-profit organizations specializing in public assistance programs.